Practice of Happo Kumite
Happo Kumite is a member of the Oyo Kumite group, which is a subset of the Yakusoku Kumite group. A commonly held misconception is that it has to be practiced with four opponents because it refers to the four directional cardinal directions.
However, its purpose is to allow the practice of technique in a more self-defense based situation. It is the practicing of self-defense techniques from the possible 8 directions of attack. It was originally practiced by forming a circle and placing eight attacking opponents on the circumference of the circle at eight equally distanced points. Each defender stands alone in the center of the circle for a period of 30 seconds up to 2 minutes for the more advanced Karate-ka.
List of Authors:
Dr. Christian Tribowski