Randori (乱取り) means in Japanese “chaos taking” or “grasping freedom”. Randori is the free application of Karate techniques during classes in a kumite situation. It can be understood as sparring. No roles become assigned. Thus, students must attack and defend throughout the whole exercise. Like sparring it has the purpose to school the eyes, the understanding of fighting dynamics, and the power structures within a fight. Neither points nor winning are relevant. To learn how a fight proceeds, what works and what does not stands in the center of randori. The rules depend on the instructor. But mostly the only rule is to not hurt or injure the opponent.
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Dr. Christian Tribowski