Toshi (闘志) means “fighting spirit”. Kihon, kata, and kumite develops toshi in an excellent way. Because instructors bring students to their physical and mental limits and even push them through their limits. Toshi itself consists of self-confidence, persistence, determination, control, risk-taking, and competitiveness. All these aspects become important to withstand and to succeed in challenging situations.

Further Readings:

Ehrenreich, Michael: What is Fighting Spirit? And how to train it! The Shotokan Times 2019.

List of Authors:

Dr. Christian Tribowski