Zanshin (残心) is a state of mind. It means being aware and alert. Shotokan karateka cultivate during kihon, kata, and especially kumite. That does not mean to be nervous but to await changes and difficulties. Zanshin requires a mental presents in the situation and the moment accompanied by a general openness to the surrounding circumstances.

Further Readings:

McKinnon, Thomas D.: Zanshin – The State of A Fighting Mind. The Shotokan Times 2019.

List of Authors:

Dr. Christian Tribowski